This glossary contains standardized terminology concerning PiPPi Community of Practice Context and provides simple explanations. Thus, you can fully understand the contents of the Platform!

Acceptance criteria: This must be met before the project is accepted as complete by the customer, for example, performance requirements and essential conditions 

Acceptance testing: A form of testing used to determine if the requirements of a specification or contract are met 

Architectural Innovation: Architectural innovation is an innovation where the core components of the product remain the same but the relationship between these components changes. This type of innovationentails the overall design, system or the way components interact. 

Best practices: Methods and tools that produce superior results to those achieved by current solutions.   

Bid: A formal proposal containing a service model and pricing to deliver goods or services. 

Breakthrough Innovation: Breakthrough innovation is a type of innovation that creates new markets. It usually refers to revolutionary change in firms, markets and industries, which provide substantially higher customer benefits relative to current products in the industry.  

Challenge: A challenge is an identified novel problem shared in the CoP by one and/or several members. 

Community of Practice (CoP): A gathering of individuals motivated by the desire to cross organizational boundaries, to relate to one another, and to build a body of actionable knowledge through coordination and collaboration. More colloquially, a CoP is a group of people who share a concern or passion for something they do, and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly.  

Competitive dialogue: A type of tender process, where a Commissioner engages directly with suppliers to explore a service model. 

Core innovation: Core innovation refers to small, incremental improvements to existing products or services that are the main sources of revenue, and is something companies do daily. 

Cost benefit analysis: The process for calculating and comparing the costs and benefits of a product or activity. 

Diffusion of Innovations: The diffusion of innovations is a process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system. It attempts to identify what aspects influence the adoption rate of an innovation. 

European Assistance For Innovation Procurement – eafip: The European Assistance For Innovation Procurement (eafip) is an initiative financed by the European Commission for providing local assistance to public procurers for starting new innovation procurement and for promoting good practices and reinforcing the evidence base on completed innovation procurements. 

End-user: End-user is a person who ultimately uses a product or service. For example, in software business, there’s often a difference between the customer and the end user. The end user is the employee who uses the product whereas the customer is the one who makes the decisions to purchase the software. 

Expression of interest: the EOI is how a bidder communicates to the commissioning body that they are interested in bidding for the contract. 

Functional requirements and specifications: technical specifications set in terms of functional requirements shift the responsibility for achieving better results to the market. The public buyer sets minimum requirements in order to avoid an abusively low-performing tender, but is not overly prescriptive as regards the means of achieving a desired outcome. Economic operators enjoy openness and flexibility to reach the optimal performance. 

Green public procurement: is defined in the EU as “a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured” 

Guideline: A piece of information intended to advise PiPPi Platform users on what are CoP, PCP, PPI and how should they be performed.  

Hackathon: Hackathon is an event in which a group of people meet to work on solutions to the challenges the organizer or they themselves face. 

HC stakeholders: Healthcare stakeholders, the representatives from the healthcare providers that works together to formulate the unmet need that will be addressed by PCP/PPI  

Idea: The key insights and/or ongoing research related to a specific unmet need. It could involve different kinds of data (e.g., quotes, photos, screenshots of websites or videos, statistics, articles, etc.), and enables users to identify the important and priority opportunity areas to be continued with a PCP/PPI to solve an unmet need after the CoP process. Idea can also be an existing technological product/service in the market, or a relevant project, possibly in a different setting than the linked unmet need. So, the product/service could be beneficial to a totally new application.   

Idea Pipeline: Idea/innovation pipeline, or, idea/innovation funnel, is a process for managing, refining and implementing new ideas and concepts. It is a structured innovation model which illustrates the life cycle on an idea or innovation. 

Innovation Metrics: Innovation metric is a measurement that describes either the quality or quantity of the innovation. Innovation metrics can measure either the inputs or outputs of the innovation process. 

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): Means patents, design patents, inventions, utility models, designs, copyrights and related rights, database rights, trademarks, trade names, corporate names and the right to apply for their registration; domain name rights; know-how; applications and renewals concerning any of the aforementioned rights; any other right having an equivalent effect in any country worldwide. IPRs shall also comprise licenses, sublicenses and any other contractual rights on any of the aforementioned rights. 

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs): A type of performance measurement. An organisation may use KPIs to evaluate its own success, or to evaluate the success of a particular activity in which it is engaged. 

Minimum Viable Product: Minimum Viable Product (MVP) is the version of a new product a team uses to collect the maximum amount of validated learning about customers with the least effort. It’s a basic version with the smallest number of capabilities that will deliver enough value to potential paying customers for them to be able to give you feedback. 

Open Innovation: Open Innovation means combining and using internal and external ideas together to advance the development of new technologies. external ideas are used together with the internal ones. Open innovation stresses the importance of relationships between the firm and its outside partners. 

Outcome indicators: Measure whether a new Solution/functionality is achieving the expected effects/changes in the short, intermediate, and long term  

Output Metrics: Output metrics measure the results your innovation investments have yielded. Typical output metrics are for example ROI of innovation activities and revenue growth from new products. 

Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP): It challenges industry from the demand side to develop innovative solutions for public sector needs and it provides a first customer reference that enables companies to create competitive advantage on the market. PCP enables public procurers to compare alternative potential solution approaches and filter out the best possible solutions that the market can deliver to address the public need. 

PIPPI Platform : Technical enabler of PiPPi CoP functionalities. 

Process Innovation: Process innovation refers to the implementation of a new or significantly improved production or delivery method (including significant changes in techniques, equipment and/or software).  

Public Procurement of Innovative solutions (PPI): it facilitates wide diffusion of innovative solutions on the market. PPI provides a large enough demand to incentivise industry to invest in wide commercialisation to bring innovative solutions to the market with the quality and price needed for mass market deployment. This enables the public sector to modernize public services with better value for money solutions and provides growth opportunities for companies. 

Qualitative Metrics: Qualitative innovation metrics refer to metrics that provide a deeper knowledge of the quality of the innovations or innovation related activities made. 

Quantitative Metrics: Quantitative innovation metrics, as the name indicates, are metrics that can be quantified. 

Request for Tenders: The invitation to tender on the basis of which the Tenders for the award of the Framework Agreement and the Specific Contract for Phase 1 are submitted, and the subsequently issued invitations to tender for the Phase 2 and Phase 3.  

Result: Any tangible or intangible output such as data, software, knowledge or information generated under the Framework Agreement, whatever its form or nature, whether or not it can be protected, including any intellectual property rights or other rights therein. The Results expected to be generated under the Framework Agreement are identified in the relevant Specific Contract(s).  

Sustaining Innovation: Sustaining innovation refers to the type of innovation that exists in the current market and instead of creating new  

SWOT Analysis: A framework used in our capture planning process to determine the Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats for a particular bid. 

Technology Push: An organizational orientation that exploits already existing machinery, distribution channels and other resources.The majority of the large, established, push-oriented organizations have their own dedicated innovation units that focus on launching new products and solutions.  

Tender: The formal process of inviting businesses to bid for contracts. 

Unmet need: A challenge that does not have a known solution, or a good enough solution, currently in the marketplace. 

Use Case: Innovation has several different use cases which all have one thing in common: the ambition of gathering extensive creative input from stakeholders and funnelling that towards concrete actions to drive businesses forward.  

Value Based Procurement (VBP): VBP is an innovative procurement approach supporting patient-centric, safe, high quality and affordable health care. Applying VBP leads to economic most advantageous purchasing by awarding a contract on the basis of what citizens, health systems, health actors and society value. VBP is a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach providing solutions to efficient and effective health care of value to all. 

Value Creation: Value creation is one of the innovation management success factors, and refers to the ability for an organization to create as much value for the customer as possible. This is done by bringing new worth for the customers and other stakeholders who are investing in or buying their products and services. 

Download the glossary for full references for the above definitions